Download e-book for iPad: Culture and Retardation: Life Histories of Mildly Mentally by L.L. Langness,Harold G. Levine

By L.L. Langness,Harold G. Levine

psychological retardation within the usa is at the moment outlined as " ... signif­ icantly subaverage normal highbrow functioning current simultaneously with deficits in adaptive habit, and manifested through the improvement interval" (Grossman, 1977). Of the anticipated six million plus mentally retarded members during this nation absolutely seventy five to eighty five% are thought of to be "func­ tionally" retarded (Edgerton, 1984). that's, they're mildly retarded individuals without obvious natural etiology or demonstrable mind pathology. regardless of the particularly contemporary addition of adaptive habit as an element within the definition of retardation, 1.0. nonetheless is still because the crucial diagnostic criterion (Edgerton, 1984: 26). An 1.0. lower than 70 exhibits subaverage functioning. even though, even such an "objective" degree as 1.0. is prob­ lematic considering that quite a few facts point out really truly that cultural and social components are at play in judgements approximately who's to be thought of "retarded" (Edgerton, 1968; Kamin, 1974; Langness, 1982). hence, it's been recognized for really a while that there's a shut dating among socio-economic prestige and the superiority of light psychological retardation: better socio-economic teams have fewer mildly retarded folks than decrease teams (Hurley, 1969). equally, it really is transparent that ethnic minorities within the usa - Blacks, Mexican-Americans, American Indians, Puerto Ricans, Hawaiians, and others - are disproportionately represented within the retarded inhabitants (Mercer, 1968; Ramey et ai., 1978).

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Culture and Retardation: Life Histories of Mildly Mentally Retarded Persons in American Society (Culture, Illness and Healing) by L.L. Langness,Harold G. Levine

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